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AppCon attendees make case for CS education in Washington

This week, ACT | The App Association member companies came to Washington, D.C. for AppCon – our annual conference on the app economy. For three days, attendees heard from Congressional leaders, the U.S. Trade Representative, and industry experts on the biggest issues impacting the internet economy. They shared their stories in over 125 meetings with their elected representatives in Congress and officials from federal agencies.

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App Devs to Pay $360K for violating COPPA

The Federal Trade Commission took an important step to uphold COPPA with its first enforcement action under the rule against Retro Dreamer and LAI Systems, LLC for unlawfully collecting information from children under 13.

Today’s decision shows that everyone in this space must be transparent about how they protect children’s privacy. Since going into effect on July 1, 2013, the vast majority of companies around the world have spent countless hours working to comply with the FTC regulation.

Every member of Know What’s Inside has done the right thing to protect children’s privacy by following the rule and being transparent about what’s inside of their apps. All companies that participate in Know What’s Inside are transparent about what’s inside their apps including things like data collection and advertising.

Part of protecting children’s privacy is educating technology companies on how to follow laws like COPPA and FERPA. Know What’s Inside includes over 500 companies that agree to a set of best practices to follow COPPA and be transparent about their data practices. Parents and educators use Know What’s Inside to find technology that, at-a-glance, is clear about what happens inside the app.

 

December 17, 2015; By Sara Kloek

Originally posted on Medium

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European Data Proposals Place EU Teens Behind Their Peers Around the World

Since 2012, European regulators have been working on the European General Data Protection Regulation (DPR). Proposed drafts have required companies who offer “information society services directly to a child” from processing the personal data of a child under the age of 13 unless consent is given by a parent. This means if a child wants to use an online service like Club Penguin, the parent would need to give consent before the child is able to use the service. Formalizing this requirement in the EU would harmonize the age of consent for children across the market as well as strengthen existing privacy protections for citizens under the age of 13.

A last minute change to the proposal has raised the age of consent to 16. This change was made without soliciting input from stakeholders, including privacy-focused organizations like Know What’s Inside or child safety organizations. A change of this magnitude should have been given sufficient time to be discussed in public, to allow child safety experts and other stakeholders to provide their input based on years of experience studying best practices pertaining to children’s use of online services.

For well over a decade, people over the age of 13 have been able to access online services for schoolwork, news, or to express opinions on the issues of the day. This proposal would radically change these freedoms for EU teens. While young people in other parts of the world will be fully participating online, EU children would need to make their parents jump through hoops to give consent for the majority of websites and apps to which they currently have access.

There’s no doubt that this change would dramatically reduce young people’s use of informative websites and apps. Existing parental consent mechanisms are 20th century technology, at best. Imagine a child asking her parent for permission each time she needed to use a search engine or an informational website to do a school research project. Even the most involved parents would find this onerous, and it would represent a significant burden on working parents.

What’s worse, the shift in the age of consent may further encourage children to misrepresent their ages, often without their parents’ knowledge. This will be a missed opportunity for parents and children have an open conversation about good digital citizenship.

At Know What’s Inside, a community of over 500 companies that agree to a set of best practices on privacy and transparency for children’s apps, our members work hard to provide information at-a-glance about what is inside technology used by kids. Our members pride themselves on protecting children’s privacy but also providing children opportunities for the latest, most innovative products. Regulations that substantially disrupt the existing norms in the marketplace will cause more harm than intended. We urge regulators to reconsider the amendments made without input from stakeholders, to listen to the outcry of experienced online child safety organizations, and to allow young Europeans, just like their peers around the world, to access the online tools necessary to become good global citizens.

By Sara Kloek

Originally posted on Medium

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Responding to the President’s Call for Student Privacy

President Obama recently called on Congress to take steps to protect the privacy of elementary and secondary school students. He also announced that 75 companies, including Microsoft and Apple, have signed a pledge to use data collected from students only for educational purposes and to avoid using data collected to target advertising to those students.

President Obama said, “Michelle and I are like parents everywhere — we want to make
sure our children are being safe and smart online.” A recent survey of parents from Moms With Apps confirmed just that. When searching for apps for their kids, 90 percent of parents look for those that protect their child’s privacy, and 86 percent of those parents worry about apps collecting their child’s personal information.

As Congress considers legislation, they must not forget the economic boom coming from innovation in the educational technology space. We’ve already seen billions of dollars invested in classroom and at-home educational and development technology — and that will only continue.

Innovators and investors are not the only ones seeing the benefits of educational technology. Parents, too, see the benefit with over 96 percent of parents surveyed believing apps are beneficial to their child’s education and development.

And, it’s not just parents who are on board — educators agree. The Joan Ganz Cooney Center found that teachers who regularly use digital games in the classroom report improvements in their students’ core and supplemental skills. However, as we’ve seen in recent years, the pace of lawmakers does not keep pace with that of innovators. While legislation is likely to be considered, passage is not guaranteed and even then not likely to go into effect for many months.

What can parents and educators do right now to find beneficial technology that also protects a child’s personal information?

Of the parents Moms With Apps surveyed, 49 percent report that the process of deciphering app privacy settings that may or may not disclose this type of data collection is “moderately” to “very hard.” Taking steps to safeguard your child’s privacy shouldn’t be difficult. Here are some tips to get you started:

1. Look for apps that clearly disclose their privacy policy. (If the policy is particularly hard to find, take that as a warning sign that you might not like its provisions.)

2. Never allow your childre to lie about their age when an app requires the user to be 13 or up.  There’s a reason for the age gate; it gives parents more control of their child’s data.

3. If the app costs nothing, determine exactly why it is free. Many free apps will use advertising to help support the cost of the development of the app. If you are not comfortable with your child seeing ads while playing a game, think twice about whether that free app is really “free.”

4. Get cozy with the settings on your phone and your child’s device. You can turn off Internet access, app store access, in-app purchasing, and other popular features before your child uses the device.

5. Teach your children about privacy — make it a family conversation. Kids should always think twice before entering their name, date of birth, email address, and other personal information.

6. Find a trusted source to help you discover great apps for your kids. Moms With Apps provides information about app features like data collection, in-app purchases, and connection to social networking and makes searching for apps for kids quick and easy.

Privacy is important but so is helping kids develop new skills, learn about the world, and have fun. When it comes to apps, a little knowledge can go a long way for both parents and for kids.

 

Image: Hero Images via Getty Images

; By Sara Kloek

Originally posted on Huffington Post

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Know What’s Inside Your Kids’ Apps

We all know that kids love apps. From a parent’s perspective, apps can provide a much more interactive, and educational experience than TV. But with over one million apps in the stores, it can be difficult to find just the right app for your kids. And it’s even more difficult to find apps you can trust.

With an increasing focus on online privacy and the sheer number of apps, parents are keen to avoid apps that do things that may take them by surprise like collecting personal information about their children or pop up advertising asking your child to join the latest dating site. But what can parents do, and who’s watching out for our kids?

Since 2000, the first stop has been the United States Federal Trade Commission (FTC), which is charged with monitoring businesses that may be collecting personal information from children. The Children’s Online Privacy Protection Act (COPPA) is a law passed over a decade ago that was intended to give parents control over how their child’s personally identifiable information is collected online. Just this week, the FTC found that two companies, Yelp and Tiny Co., were violating COPPA, collecting children’s information without parents’ permission. But in the 14 years since COPPA went into effect, only about two dozen companies have faced penalties from the FTC. With thousands of companies online, and over 1 million apps available, it’s almost impossible for the FTC to find all of the violators.

Parents don’t want to mistakenly download one of those apps that blatantly break the law. Parents want to protect their kids, but it can be stressful and time consuming to research apps to make sure they’re safe. Just like nutrition labels help parents decide which snack is right for their kids, Moms With Apps provides parents with information — in plain English — to help them decide which app is right for their kids.

If you’re a parent looking to download a new app for your child, here are some questions you may want to ask:

  • Will the app work without an internet connection?
  • Does the app collect information about kids?
  • Does the app include advertising or in-app purchases?

Many developers, including all those we work with at Moms With Apps, are transparent about these things and many of the developers are parents themselves. In fact, many of them started making apps because they were frustrated with the lack of quality apps for their own children.

Only parents — not legislators and not Moms With Apps — can decide what apps are best for your kids and we know not every app is right for every child. Parents have enough worries about limiting screen time and wondering if apps are right for kids without considering privacy implications. But it’s important that parents know what’s inside their kids apps, both to make sure their privacy is protected and that the apps are of the highest quality.

 

By Sara Kloek

Originally posted on Huffington Post

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Apps and Autism

Last week, NPR’s Morning Edition featured a story about a Queens school for children within the autism spectrum that use iPads in class and to play in their high school band.

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5 Things Moms Need to Know about Apps

With Mothers Day approaching, the team at ACT | The App Association has outlined Five Things moms should know about children’s apps. With so many choices in the app store, it can be hard to find what works best. Kids love our phones and tablets, but we want them to be used for more than just games and videos. And we are very protective of our childrens’ privacy and safety. That’s why you should know about these Five Things:

Moms-Need-to-Know-Web-1000

By Melissa Lee

Originally posted on ACT | The App Association blog

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The Pros and Cons of Schools Using the Cloud

A study released Friday by Fordham University, “Privacy and Cloud Computing in Public Schools,” raises concerns about whether schools are asking the right questions about the privacy of student data stored remotely. One issue that received particular attention is paid to third-party cloud services that store student records.

What is clear from the study’s findings is that school systems find tremendous value in online educational resources. 95 percent of schools surveyed are taking advantage of cloud-based services that allow teachers and administrators to better serve students and their families.

Homework can be assigned and completed online where it is unlikely to be eaten by the family dog. Parents and teachers can better monitor their students’ progress to help them reach higher academic achievement while mobile applications are helping to modernize classrooms providing an interactive learning environment.

It used to be that parents learned about their children’s school performance a few times a year through report cards or PTA meetings. Advances in online education now allow for student achievement or challenges to be spotted early on, helping to assess where additional work is needed. Administrators can use anonymized data to measure school performance and quickly identify successful coursework and methods.

We see the greatest impact on student performance when teachers, parents, and schools are all engaged. The hallmark of the new digital classroom is the improved ability to manage and assess a student’s work while facilitating interaction between parents and educators to help guide a child’s progress. Yet the promise of these new technologies may be lost if privacy concerns are not sufficiently addressed.

This is the key takeaway from the Fordham report. The clearest indication of where improvements can be made are in the contracts that school systems have with cloud providers. Researchers discovered that schools are often unaware of third party contractors’ use of student data. In many cases, school contracts with online service providers lack clear guidance for safeguarding this information as required under federal law.

The Fordham study recommends that schools be clear with online service providers about the strict requirements that exist for managing student information. It also suggests that school administrators should be transparent about this process so that parents are aware of these services and the appropriate care is given to children’s privacy.

One example of how transparency can work is found in the Know What’s Inside™ program. This collaborative effort between ACT and the 1500-member group of parent app makers, Moms With Apps, puts a premium on data use transparency. The initiative highlights companies that adopt strong privacy standards for children’s education apps and provides a trusted resource for parents with mobile devices.

When parents start from an informed position about how their child’s sensitive information will be safeguarded in accordance with the law, they are far more likely to embrace the benefits that cloud services offer. Initiatives like Know What’s Inside™ demonstrate the importance of taking the first step to provide this reassurance by identifying and promoting industry best practices.

It is critical to the success of cloud education that online service providers explain how they meet the privacy standards for student data. They must also clearly convey this information to school administrators who will face questions from parents on this issue. Taking proactive steps like these will give parents and schools the continued confidence to employ these resources that hold such promise for our children’s education.

 

By Morgan Reed

Originally posted on Huffington Post

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